How the Ballpoint pen was invented.
Invented by the Hungarian journalist Laszlo-Iozhef Biro (1899-1985). Due to the nature of his work, he often goes to the printing house. He noticed that newsprint sheet comes virtually dry by the rotary machine. It makes you think - why not fill the tank of "eternal pen" with a special ink that dries as fast as the one used for press printing. Then to use a pen would be much more enjoyable.
The journalist quickly discovers that these inks should be as thick as possible. But then they will clog the capillary system of the ordinary pen. So for these inks we have to invent another writing instruments. After consultation with his brother, a graduate chemist replaced Biro pen with freely rotating ball. The first prototype of this pen was created in 1938. Before the Second World War situation in Hungary is threatening liberal journalist as Biro. He has to first emigrate to Paris, where he received a patent for his invention, then Spain, and finally, in 1940 - in Argentina. Here he finds a financier who agreed to invest in the original idea, design and construct the perfect machine to produce ball bars. The first products of the small factory built by Biro, go on sale in Argentina in 1943 and cost more than a good ink pen. One of the first customers were the plane pilots. They were convinced that unlike ordinary 'eternal pen' Ballpoint pen do not run at a high elevation where the air pressure is lower. Information about "aviation pen" came to the Department of Defense, and they ordered the best manufacturers of pens to get to know the new model and begin to produce for U.S. military pilots. In 1944, Biro protected his invention by a patent in the U.S. and sells licenses to two major U.S. companies. But before they put the product businessman M. Reynolds, who accidentally bought a pen with ball somewhere in South America without any license, began producing these pens and made changes to the design. To avoid prosecution, it refers to U.S. patent forgotten, taken in 1888, by John Laud. In Lauda system that resembles today's roll-on deodorant balls with a diameter of 1-2 cm, set to balloon battle served as application numbers and notes cards, bags and boards. Reynolds persuaded the court that his pen is a small version of the invention of Lauda and Biro system has nothing to do. When after a massive advertising campaign on October 19, 1945 the first batch of pens Reynolds entered a large department store in New York. To maintain order in the queue authorities had to call 50 Police officers. Ten thousand pens are sold within a few hours. So the legend begun.
In 1947 Biro retired and devoted himself to painting. More vintage ballpoint pens can be found on this web store.